Intel processor Lithography explained

In short, it is the average space between the processor’s logic gates (transistors).

It makes all the difference in speed, and a considerable difference in power consumption.

For example, i ran a certain task on both of the following processors

E3300 which is a low cost celeron processor with a lithography of 45nm and (1M Cache, 2.50 GHz, 800 MHz FSB)
Q6600 Which is a much more expensive (at the time when both were purchased) with a lithography of 65nm and (8M Cache, 2.40 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB)

When comparing a single core’s throughput, the cheap celeron processor beat the quad core by a very considerable number, much higher than the difference in clock speed, The actual numbers would need me to explain many factors such as the nature of the millions of records that needed processing, how they were processed, how jobs were distributed between computers, how the random sample is guaranteed to be random and so on, and i don’t think this is very relevant to you.

So, lithography is something you should really consider when buying a processor, the lower the better, my laptop’s I7 is built with a lithography of 22nm, this is the best number as of 2013.

Running Debian wheezy from a USB stick in read and write mode, and maintaining the changes between reboots ( persistent )

My mission: at the office there are WINDOWS computers that don’t run 24/7, they are on a few hours a day, and i would like to make those computers do some processing for my programs at night and when they are not in use. to run my programs they need to be running linux, so here is my plan.

One very simple way is to install a second hard drive on those computers and boot from it (Because i dont want to touch drives that have people’s data. But this is alot of work, and i don’t want to end up having people accidentally booting the second drive or even have an extra spinning disk in the computer that does absolutly nothing while people are working with windos.

So, My plan is to get cheap 4GB flash pen drives and boot all those computers from them.

Step 1: get debian live ( iso file

I am downloading debian-live-7.0.0-amd64-standard.iso.log But if you want a desktop GUI environment like gnome or KDE you should get a different file.

Step 2: Dump the ISO file onto the flash stick, on windows this can simply be done with
Step 3: Change some stuff to make the live image persistent and not read only (Could be step 2, or 3 if we mount the USB and edit directly)
Step 4: Deploy

Downloading all 10 Debian 7 Wheezy DVDs

Simple steps to do so, Mind you, i created the following torrents to download all files, the first 3 (3 of 32 and 3 of 64) torrent files are simply the same ones as the ones posted on, the rest i am managing, if you want to use jigdo instead here are the simple steps.

apt-get update
aptget install jigdo-file


jigdo-lite debian-7.1.0-amd64-DVD-1.jigdo

And in no time you will have the file, you can resume any time by issuing the command again

Happy downloading

Using rtorrent / the linux command line torrent client

The following is the shortest tutorial that should get you up and running…

1- install rtorrent

apt-get install rtorrent

2- download the torrents


3- start rtorrent


Hit enter on the screen you are on, then hit tab, you should see a list of the torrent files you downloaded, type the first letter of your file then tab again, the program will either show you your file , or reduce the list to all the files that have that same prefix, add one more letter then hit tab again, keep going until you have your file.

Once done, use the arrow keys to select your torrent file, then hit ctrl+s to Start the torrent.

That’s all you need to know !