Windows server 2008 R2 32GB memory limit

Microsoft server 2008 R2 STANDARD seems to have a 32GB memory limit, so my Windows server reports memory as follows

64.0 GB (32.0 GB usable), and this is indeed what Microsoft tells me on this page

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa366778%28VS.85%29.aspx#physical_memory_limits_windows_server_2012

If it appears that VMWARE is using some of the 32 spare gigabytes and leaving the system memory alone, this is an illusion because vmware workstation does not allocate all the memory of the VM at power on, give it a few hours, or copy a very big file within the workstation and it will take the ram away.

By the way, i had to write this because the answer is only available on a website that wants me to become a member to show me this information, so i experimented myself and put this information up for grabs. no one should have to pay $12 a month for a subscription to a website that displays information the site owners never even contributed to finding.

Progress bar and transfer rate in CP and MV command

The lowdown

Install iostat, then run (in a second command window) the command

iostat -k -x 2

Change the 2 for any refresh rate, no matter the refresh rate, you will get the KBytes per seconed both read and write for both disks involved in the copy. You will also get the total copied for the period of time between refresh, so always take note of the (per second) sign in kB_read/s and kB_wrtn/s.

To recap, kB_read/s and kB_wrtn/s are not affected by the interval you set, while kB_read/s and kB_wrtn/s. are affected (they are the result of multiplying the speed (/s) by the interval you set

The K stands for KiloBytes (the default is blocks), you can also use m for megabytes
the X stands for Extended statistics (You probably dont need it for this particular purpose)

We are doing the above because CP and MV do NOT provide means of monitoring transfer rate.
Some other solutions like pv and rsync do, but would you want to get into all of this every time you want to copy a file or folder ?

Anyway, here is a rundown of all the ways that can allow you to monitor speed when you copy or move

(I will come back to this in a bit.